This paper aims to present some of the key contemporary debates on child migrants and their educational contexts, and what integration might mean. First, the paper discusses identity and integration, drawing on ideas of acculturation and so how individuals, both migrants and those they meet, change in terms of their identity and community. Secondly, it considers the status of asylum seeking and other unaccompanied children. The paper then moves on to a specific set of barriers related to hostility, stereotyping, or other conflict-type behaviours that may arise. Finally, this paper focuses on educational contexts themselves, and so those school-related barriers to integration and what goes on in schools to help integration and school success.