WANNE: Circular migration and the challenges of diasporas
Law 125/14 recognises and offers a leading role to diasporas in activating development cooperation processes (Articles 2 and 26).
The intent is to promote their participation both in the reality of arrival and in those of origin: on the one hand, people work, save and involve the community of the country of arrival in activities about active citizenship, awareness of their rights and duties; identification of objectives for professional development; , on the other hand, the diaspora mobilizes its community of belonging by facilitating economic investment; launching new businesses and proposing new models of development.
Migration thus becomes a circular concept that represents an engine for the growth of the host society, which can also stimulate the development of the society of origin.
“At a certain point, as explained by Modou Gueye, president of the Sunugal association, “it was realized that the remittances sent by migrants are often used for the purchase of consumer goods or for structures that do not encourage employment opportunities for the young people of the village”.
For this reason, by creating a common fund, the Italian Senegalese association founded in Milan with the aim of promoting local development initiatives to support the populations left in the villages of origin, carries out micro-projects of rural development through the creation of wells, a small hospital, some schools in some villages.
During the round table organized in Brussels for the WANNE project, however, it was highlighted that to achieve these objectives it is important that the governments of each country uses and enhances the expertise of the diaspora by creating a continuous dialogue and trying to understand the opportunities of the countries of origin.
There is also the problem of coherence between policies, the issue of security at the borders of Europe, and its outsourcing to transit countries. The latest migration policies have only encouraged social marginality by hindering the civic participation of people with a migrant background.
Migrants can only be recognised as actors for development when their rights are recognised and they can actively participate in public debate and policy transformation in both host countries and countries of origin.
Roberta Lo Bianco and Daria La Barbera, active members of the Migration Unit at CESIE, stress that: “NGOs in individual EU countries and diasporas face many challenges, such as the lack of funding for them, but above all the complexity of the procedures for accessing such funding, the lack of sustainable and sustainable projects that would enable them to better structure projects.
Europe must use diasporas as ambassadors and facilitators between the country of origin and the host country. And therefore, as subjects who act both in Africa and in Italy, and act as a network of connection between people with a migrant background in Italy and the families left in the countries of origin.
Therefore, the European Union can make an important contribution to diaspora organizations. Here are the recommendations made and presented during the meeting in Brussels by Cheikh Gueye, Senegalese cultural mediator, shared by all the Italian partners of the project WANNE, COSPE Onlus and Le Fate Onlus:
- A European political struggle against the criminalization and marginalization of migrants is an obligation. Because, such a struggle would give back to the people who migrate their right to life;
- The European Union and its member countries can, through diaspora organizations and NGOs, improve education, training and small businesses in the areas most affected by immigration.
- The European States can contribute to the enhancement of diasporas with funding for the training of members and with funding for the inclusion of migrants;
- Finally, the EU and its member states must act as the voice of second generation people so that those born in Europe are considered European.
- Promote the demands of the new generations for their rights to be recognized at the political and social level in Italy and Europe.
We will pursue these requests. If you want to follow us, visit the WANNE website https://diaspora-engagement.eu/ and the CESIE website https://cesie.org/.
The project holds together 15 organisations, such us:
- Coordinator: Südwind Association(Austria);
- Vienna institute for international (Austria);
- Foundation for Shelter and Support to Migrants(Malta);
- Comune di Verona(Italy);
- Stadtgemeinde Traiskirchen(Austria);
- VAS Österreich- Association of African Students in Austria(Austria);
- Le Fate Onlus(Italy);
- Center for peace studies(Croatia);
- Municipality of Nova Gorica (Slovenia);
- MIROVNI INSTITUT(Slovenia);
- CESIE (Italy).