CAPPYC: processi automatici e regolazione del comportamentoCon CAPPYC alla 6° Conferenza Internazionale della Società Europea per la Ricerca sulla Prevenzione (EUSPR) ‘Cambiare comportamento senza parlare: processi automatici e la regolazione del comportamento’ [22-24 ottobre 2015, Lubiana, Slovenia] Booklet inc abstracts.

Dinner is ready!! Relation between cannabis use among teens and family communication and family dinners.

Daniel Lloret, Ramon Morell- Gomis, Luisa Ardizzone, Miguel Angel Rodríguez, Rocío Panos, Liliana Trigueiros, Gabi Cicu, Ana Laguía and Juan Antonio Moriano

PRESENTER: Daniel Lloret, Universidad Miguel Hernandez

There is sound evidence that a good family communication is related with less alcohol, tobacco and cannabis use by the offspring. Communication needs time, and sometimes a place, that is not always available in our busy family lives. Dinner is probably the best opportunity for parents and offspring to share time together and chat on a daily basis. The aim of this study is to analyze the relation between family communication, dinner frequency and teen cannabis use. Participants were 3887 adolescents aged 15 to 18 years from Spain, Romania, Italy and Portugal. The sample was divided in two groups. Group1: High cannabis use and Group2: No or low cannabis use. We compared the frequency of family dinner, satisfaction with dinner, importance of family dinner for parents, and communication with mother and father. Then, we created a predictive structural equation model (path analysis) including family dinner, attitudes of participants, their parents and close friends towards cannabis, intention of cannabis use, and cannabis use. Results show that Group1 has a lower frequency of family dinner and satisfaction with family dinner in Spain, Romania and Italy. In Portugal the higher differences were found in communication with father. Concerning the path analysis, a low but significant effect of family dinner on intention of cannabis was found in all countries. Findings support prevention interventions in family set.

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CUIQ. A theory of planned behavior questionnaire to measure Cannabis use intentions amongst European teenagers

Juan Antonio Moriano, Ana Laguía, Tiziana Giordano, Miguel Angel Rodríguez, Elena Ares, Paulo Dias, Gabi Cicu, Ramon Morell-Gomis and Daniel Lloret

PRESENTER: Daniel Lloret, Universidad Miguel Hernandez

Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB, Ajzen, 1991) takes into account personal and social factors to explain intentional behaviors. This theory has been widely used to predict behavioral intentions in different contexts, such as drugs consumption. This research develops and validates CUIQ, Cannabis Use Intention Questionnaire, in four European countries: Italy, Portugal, Romania, and Spain. CUIQ consists of the following scales: attitude towards consumption (reliability – Cronbach’s alpha: .86), subjective norms (α = .70), self-efficacy related to a responsible use (α = .82) and to abstinence (α = .86), and intention to use cannabis (α = .94). The sample comprises 4268 adolescents between 14 and 18 years old (M = 15.9; DT = 1.11), 50.9% female and 49% male (0.1% n.a.), from Italy (37.7%), Portugal (16.5%), Romania (18.7%), and Spain (27.1%). 26.9% of participants has used cannabis at least once in lifetime. 42.6% teenagers estimate that some of their friends use cannabis, while 11.7% report almost all their friends do. An exploratory factor analysis shows that the different factors according to subscales proposed explain 51.39% of the variance. The results of a regression analysis indicate that the three components of the TPB explain 47.5% of the variance of the intention to use cannabis. Self-efficacy related to a responsible use appears to be the most influential factor (β = .47, p = .000), followed by self-efficacy related to abstinence (β = -.23, p = .000), subjective norms (β = .21, p = .000), and attitude to consumption (β = .11, p = .000). This new questionnaire allows comparative studies that can lead to a better understanding of the psychological processes beneath adolescents’ decisions to use cannabis. It will be also useful for prevention programs evaluation and design.

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Il progetto CAPPYC (Cannabis Prevention Program for Young consumers) è una proposta metodologica di ricerca rivolta a educatori nell’ambito dell’educazione formale e non-formale per agevolare il loro compito di prevenzione educativa con adolescenti e giovani dai 15 ai 18 anni.

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The Cannabis Abuse Prevention Program for Young Consumers (CAPPYC) is an initiative supported by the European Commission in response to the call for proposals by the 2013 Drug Prevention and Information Programme, with the objective of promoting less cannabis use amongst young people aged between 15 and 18 years old, by directly influencing underlying attitudes towards its use.

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